Official data in SubjectManager for the following academic year: 2022-2023

Course director

Number of hours/semester

Lectures: 0 hours

Practices: 28 hours

Seminars: 0 hours

Total of: 28 hours

Subject data

  • Code of subject: OPO-G2G-T
  • 2 Credit
  • Pharmacy
  • Med.-biol. theoretical module and practical skills module
  • spring

OPO-G1E-T completed

Course headcount limitations

min. 3 people – max. 100 people


Pharmacobotany covers all pharmaceutical aspects of botany. Plant systematics discusses the classification and geographical origin of plant species, the possibilities of cultivation and nature conservation. A special emphasis is laid on chemotaxonomic aspects, since the medicinal effect of a plant is often related to its taxonomic classification and chemical characteristics. The thorough knowledge of both general and specific pharmacobotany is a prerequisite of studying pharmacognosy.



  • 1. Fungi: Ganodermataceae, Polyporaceae; Lichens; Pteridophytes: Lycopodiaceae, Equisetaceae, Dryopteridaceae, Polypodiaceae
  • 2. Gymnosperms: Ginkgoaceae, Ephedraceae, Pinaceae, Taxaceae, Cupressaceae
  • 3. Angiosperms: Acoraceae, Alliaceae, Asparagaceae, Orchidaceae
  • 4. Ruscaceae, Dioscoreaceae, Poaceae, Aristolochiaceae
  • 5. Ranunculaceae, Berberidaceae, Papaveraceae, Fumariaceae
  • 6. Caryophyllaceae, Phytolaccaceae, Polygonaceae, Loranthaceae
  • 7. Crassulaceae, Grossulariaceae, Vitaceae, Geraniaceae, Lythraceae, Onagraceae
  • 8. Euphorbiaceae, Hypericaceae, Linaceae, Passifloraceae, Salicaceae, Violaceae
  • 9. Fabaceae
  • 10. Cannabaceae, Elaeagnaceae, Moraceae, Rhamnaceae
  • 11. Oral exam based on Practices 1-5
  • 12. Oral exam based on Practices 1-5
  • 13. Rosaceae
  • 14. Urticaceae, Cucurbitaceae
  • 15. Betulaceae, Fagaceae, Juglandaceae
  • 16. Brassicaceae, Malvaceae
  • 17. Anacardiaceae, Rutaceae, Sapindaceae, Ericaceae, Primulaceae
  • 18. Apocynaceae, Gentianacaeae, Rubiaceae, Boraginaceae
  • 19. Lamiaceae
  • 20. Lamiaceae
  • 21. Oleaceae, Plantaginaceae, Scrophulariaceae
  • 22. Verbenaceae, Solanaceae
  • 23. Asteraceae
  • 24. Asteraceae
  • 25. Visit to the Botanical Garden
  • 26. Visit to the Botanical Garden
  • 27. Visit to the Medicinal Plant Garden
  • 28. Visit to the Medicinal Plant Garden


Reading material

Obligatory literature

Á. Farkas: Pharmacobotany 2. University of Pécs, Institute of Pharmacognosy, Pécs, 2021
N. Papp: Pharmacobotany Practices. University of Pécs, Institute of Pharmacognosy, Pécs, 2011

Literature developed by the Department

Farkas Á., Papp N., Bencsik T., Horváth Gy.: Digital Herbarium and Drug Atlas, electronic learning material, 2014 TÁMOP-4.1.2.A/1-11/1-2011-0016
Species descriptions of the medicinal plants studied in the practices will be availabe in Moodle.
Purger D., Filep R., Papp N., Farkas Á. (2021): Medicinal Plants. Teaching Supplement for the Pharmacobotany Subject. University of Pécs, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacognosy. Pécs, 2021, ISBN 978-963-429-682-9, pp. 340


Recommended literature

Z. Yaniv, U. Bachrach (eds.): Handbook of Medicinal Plants, Haworth Press Inc., 2005

Conditions for acceptance of the semester

Maximum of 15 % absence allowed

Mid-term exams

From the 2nd week onwards, students have to pass a short test each week (recognising and characterising medicinal plants).
The tests can be: online (Moodle), oral or written.
The successful completion of the online tests is a prerequisite of attending the next practice.
The grades of the weekly tests, together with activity in classes will form the basis of the final practice grade.

Making up for missed classes

Missed practicals can be made up either by joining the other groups or taking extra time at the following lab practical. In all cases, students must make arrangements with their lab instructors in advance.

Exam topics/questions

1. Algae (Cyanophyta, Chlorophyta, Phaeophyta, Rhodophyta)
2. Eumycota / Fungi (incl. Lichenes);
3. Hepatophyta, Bryophyta; Lycopodiophyta, Monilophyta
4. Cycadophyta, Ginkgophyta, Gnetophyta, Pinophyta
5. Acoraceae, Araceae, Dioscoreaceae, Colchicaceae, Liliaceae, Melanthiaceae
6. Agapanthaceae, Agavaceae, Alliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae
7. Asphodelaceae, Convallariaceae, Hyacinthaceae, Iridaceae
8. Orchidaceae, Ruscaceae Bromeliaceae, Poaceae, Zingiberaceae
9. Nymphaeaceae, Illiciaceae, Annonaceae, Magnoliaceae, Myristicaceae
10. Lauraceae, Monimiaceae, Aristolochiaceae, Piperaceae
11. Berberidaceae, Fumariaceae, Menispermaceae, Papaveraceae
12. Ranunculaceae, Nelumbonaceae, Buxaceae, Dilleniaceae
13. Aizoaceae, Amaranthaceae, Cactaceae, Caryophyllaceae
14. Droseraceae, Phytolaccaceae, Polygonaceae, Portulacaceae
15. Simmondsiaceae, Santalaceae, Crassulaceae, Grossulariaceae
16. Hamamelidaceae, Paeoniaceae, Saxifragaceae, Vitaceae
17. Geraniaceae, Lythraceae, Myrtaceae, Onagraceae, Krameriaceae, Zygophyllaceae
18. Celastraceae, Erythroxylaceae, Euphorbiaceae
19. Hypericaceae, Linaceae, Passifloraceae, Salicaceae, Violaceae
20. Fabaceae (incl. Mimosaceae, Caesalpiniaceae), Polygalaceae
21. Cannabaceae, Elaeagnaceae, Moraceae, Rhamnaceae
22. Rosaceae
23. Urticaceae, Cucurbitaceae
24. Betulaceae, Fagaceae, Juglandaceae, Myricaceae
25. Brassicaceae, Capparaceae, Caricaceae, Cistaceae
26. Malvaceae, Anacardiaceae
27. Burseraceae, Rutaceae, Sapindaceae
28. Cornaceae, Hydrangeaceae, Ericaceae, Primulaceae
29. Theaceae, Apocynaceae, Gentianaceae, Loganiaceae
30. Rubiaceae, Boraginaceae
31. Lamiaceae
32. Oleaceae, Pedaliaceae, Plantaginaceae, Verbenaceae
33. Convolvulaceae, Solanaceae, Aquifoliaceae
34. Apiaceae
35. Araliaceae, Adoxaceae, Caprifoliaceae, Valerianaceae
36. Asteraceae, Campanulaceae, Menyanthaceae


Instructor / tutor of practices and seminars

  • Dr. Farkas Ágnes
  • Dr. Filep Rita
  • Dr. Purger Dragica