Official data in SubjectManager for the following academic year: 2022-2023

Course director

Number of hours/semester

Lectures: 14 hours

Practices: 0 hours

Seminars: 0 hours

Total of: 14 hours

Subject data

  • Code of subject: OPO-G2E-T
  • 1 Credit
  • Pharmacy
  • Medical and Health Sciences module
  • spring

OPO-G1E-T completed , OPO-G2G-T parallel

Exam course:

Course headcount limitations

min. 3 people – max. 100 people


Pharmacobotany covers all pharmaceutical aspects of botany. Plant systematics discusses the classification and geographical origin of plant species, the possibilities of cultivation and nature conservation. A special emphasis is laid on chemotaxonomic aspects, since the medicinal effect of a plant is often related to its taxonomic classification and chemical characteristics. The thorough knowledge of both general and specific pharmacobotany is a prerequisite of studying pharmacognosy.


  • 1. Algae (Cyanophyta, Chlorophyta, Phaeophyta, Rhodophyta); Eumycota / Fungi (incl. Lichenes); Hepatophyta, Bryophyta; Pteridophytes: Lycopodiophyta, Monilophyta - Dr. Farkas Ágnes
  • 2. Gymnosperms: Cycadophyta, Ginkgophyta, Gnetophyta, Pinophyta; Angiosperms: Monocots_1: Acoraceae, Araceae, Dioscoreaceae, Colchicaceae, Liliaceae, Melanthiaceae - Dr. Farkas Ágnes
  • 3. Monocots_2: Agapanthaceae, Agavaceae, Alliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae, Asphodelaceae, Convallariaceae, Hyacinthaceae, Iridaceae, Orchidaceae, Ruscaceae Bromeliaceae, Poaceae, Zingiberaceae - Dr. Farkas Ágnes
  • 4. Magnolidae and ancient herbaceous plants: Nymphaeaceae, Illiciaceae, Annonaceae, Magnoliaceae, Myristicaceae, Lauraceae, Monimiaceae, Aristolochiaceae, Piperaceae - Dr. Kocsis Marianna
  • 5. Dicots: Berberidaceae, Fumariaceae, Menispermaceae, Papaveraceae, Ranunculaceae, Nelumbonaceae, Buxaceae, DilleniaceaeAizoaceae, Amaranthaceae, Cactaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Droseraceae, Phytolaccaceae, Polygonaceae, Portulacaceae, Simmondsiaceae, Santalaceae - Dr. Kocsis Marianna
  • 6. Crassulaceae, Grossulariaceae, Hamamelidaceae, Paeoniaceae, Saxifragaceae, Vitaceae, Geraniaceae, Lythraceae, Myrtaceae, Onagraceae, Krameriaceae, Zygophyllaceae - Dr. Kocsis Marianna
  • 7. Celastraceae, Erythroxylaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Hypericaceae, Linaceae, Passifloraceae, Salicaceae, Violaceae, Fabaceae (incl. Mimosaceae, Caesalpiniaceae), Polygalaceae - Dr. Purger Dragica
  • 8. Cannabaceae, Elaeagnaceae, Moraceae, Rhamnaceae, Rosaceae, Urticaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Betulaceae, Fagaceae, Juglandaceae, Myricaceae - Dr. Purger Dragica
  • 9. Brassicaceae, Capparaceae, Caricaceae, Cistaceae, Malvaceae, Anacardiaceae, Burseraceae, Rutaceae, Sapindaceae - Dr. Purger Dragica
  • 10. Cornaceae, Hydrangeaceae, Ericaceae, Primulaceae, Theaceae, Apocynaceae, Gentianaceae, Loganiaceae, Rubiaceae, Boraginaceae - Dr. Purger Dragica
  • 11. Lamiaceae, Oleaceae, Pedaliaceae, Plantaginaceae, Verbenaceae - Dr. Filep Rita
  • 12. Convolvulaceae, Solanaceae, Aquifoliaceae, Apiaceae, Araliaceae - Dr. Filep Rita
  • 13. Adoxaceae, Caprifoliaceae, Valerianaceae - Dr. Filep Rita
  • 14. Asteraceae, Campanulaceae, Menyanthaceae - Dr. Filep Rita



Reading material

Obligatory literature

Á. Farkas: Pharmacobotany 2. University of Pécs, Institute of Pharmacognosy, Pécs, 2021

Literature developed by the Department

Farkas Á., Papp N., Bencsik T., Horváth Gy.: Digital Herbarium and Drug Atlas, electronic learning material, 2014 TÁMOP-4.1.2.A/1-11/1-2011-0016
Purger D., Filep R., Papp N., Farkas Á. (2021): Medicinal Plants. Teaching Supplement for the Pharmacobotany Subject. University of Pécs, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacognosy. Pécs, 2021, ISBN 978-963-429-682-9, pp. 340


Recommended literature

Z. Yaniv, U. Bachrach (eds.): Handbook of Medicinal Plants, Haworth Press Inc., 2005
WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants, Vol. 1. (1999), Vol. 2. (2002)

Conditions for acceptance of the semester

Maximum of 25 % absence allowed

Mid-term exams

At the end of each class, students have to answer 5 questions related to the topic of the current lecture. Students' attendance of the lecture is acknowledged in case the ratio of their correct answers reaches 80%.

Making up for missed classes

Lecture materials can be downloaded from the website of the Department of Pharmacognosy (Educational Materials)and/or from MS Teams.

Exam topics/questions

The criterion of admission to the exam is the successful completion of the practice carried out in paralell (midsemester grade with a result different from failed).

Final exam:
Entrance exam:
Preceding the oral exam, 6 medicinal plants (5 herbarium specimens, 1 plant from the medicinal plant garden) should be identified and their brief morphological characterization should be given.
Oral exam:
Following the successful entrance exam, students are required to present their knowledge on 2 topics from the list below. The general characterization of plant families should be followed by the morphological and chemotaxonomic description of the species belonging to the given families.
Exam questions:
1. Algae (Cyanophyta, Chlorophyta, Phaeophyta, Rhodophyta)
2. Eumycota / Fungi (incl. Lichenes);
3. Hepatophyta, Bryophyta; Lycopodiophyta, Monilophyta
4. Cycadophyta, Ginkgophyta, Gnetophyta, Pinophyta
5. Acoraceae, Araceae, Dioscoreaceae, Colchicaceae, Liliaceae, Melanthiaceae
6. Agapanthaceae, Agavaceae, Alliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae
7. Asphodelaceae, Convallariaceae, Hyacinthaceae, Iridaceae
8. Orchidaceae, Ruscaceae Bromeliaceae, Poaceae, Zingiberaceae
9. Nymphaeaceae, Illiciaceae, Annonaceae, Magnoliaceae, Myristicaceae
10. Lauraceae, Monimiaceae, Aristolochiaceae, Piperaceae
11. Berberidaceae, Fumariaceae, Menispermaceae, Papaveraceae
12. Ranunculaceae, Nelumbonaceae, Buxaceae, Dilleniaceae
13. Aizoaceae, Amaranthaceae, Cactaceae, Caryophyllaceae
14. Droseraceae, Phytolaccaceae, Polygonaceae, Portulacaceae
15. Simmondsiaceae, Santalaceae, Crassulaceae, Grossulariaceae
16. Hamamelidaceae, Paeoniaceae, Saxifragaceae, Vitaceae
17. Geraniaceae, Lythraceae, Myrtaceae, Onagraceae, Krameriaceae, Zygophyllaceae
18. Celastraceae, Erythroxylaceae, Euphorbiaceae
19. Hypericaceae, Linaceae, Passifloraceae, Salicaceae, Violaceae
20. Fabaceae (incl. Mimosaceae, Caesalpiniaceae), Polygalaceae
21. Cannabaceae, Elaeagnaceae, Moraceae, Rhamnaceae
22. Rosaceae
23. Urticaceae, Cucurbitaceae
24. Betulaceae, Fagaceae, Juglandaceae, Myricaceae
25. Brassicaceae, Capparaceae, Caricaceae, Cistaceae
26. Malvaceae, Anacardiaceae
27. Burseraceae, Rutaceae, Sapindaceae
28. Cornaceae, Hydrangeaceae, Ericaceae, Primulaceae
29. Theaceae, Apocynaceae, Gentianaceae, Loganiaceae
30. Rubiaceae, Boraginaceae
31. Lamiaceae
32. Oleaceae, Pedaliaceae, Plantaginaceae, Verbenaceae
33. Convolvulaceae, Solanaceae, Aquifoliaceae
34. Apiaceae
35. Araliaceae, Adoxaceae, Caprifoliaceae, Valerianaceae
36. Asteraceae, Campanulaceae, Menyanthaceae


  • Dr. Farkas Ágnes
  • Dr. Filep Rita
  • Dr. Kocsis Marianna
  • Dr. Purger Dragica

Instructor / tutor of practices and seminars